Although geographically related by their eastern location, there are large differences between these two places. The Central Valley is the most productive agricultural area of California thanks to its abundant sunshine and access to water. The Sierra Foothills frame the northeast end of this central expanse. Due east of Napa, the Capay Valley and Dunnigan Hills (two AVAs that are rarely seen on labels in the US) lie between the North Coast and the city of Sacramento; to its northeast lie the Sierra Foothills.\nThere are many old vineyards here as the area was a hotbed of activity during California’s gold rush when plantings first started. Its remote and mountainous terrain has kept phylloxera at bay. The University of California at Davis is located just west of Sacramento, and is the top Oenology school in the country. \nSouth of Sacramento, Lodi is responsible for approximately 20% of the state’s grape production. It's also a major source for registered sites by the Historic Vineyard Society, and has recently received seven official sub-AVAs. Clarksburg sits on the western border of Lodi and at the southern edge of Sacramento. The vineyard area of Clarksburg, and the western-Lodi subregions enjoy the coastal influence that moves inland across the Suisun Bay and up the Sacramento River. This area is home to everything from Chenin Blanc to Mourvèdre. \nClarksburg\nJust east of the San Francisco Bay area and among the waterways of the Sacramento Delta, lies the Clarksburg AVA, established in 1985. This unique AVA that spans three counties: Yolo, Sacramento and Solano. The terrain spans 26,000 hectares, is mostly flat and has rich, fertile soils of clay, silt and alluvial material. The highly fertile soils are poor draining, and the region is more suited to large production.\nThe waterways here pull in ocean breezes, creating a cool maritime climate, perfect for the main grape grown, Chenin Blanc. Close to 90% of the grapes grown in Clarksburg are sold outside the county, mostly to neighbouring Napa for inclusion in their wines (to use Napa Valley on the label, just 75% of the fruit needs to be from there). \nLodi\nLodi is a town in the Central Valley of California that also gives its name to the AVA. 145 kilometres east of San Francisco Bay, it's at the northern tip of the San Joaquin Valley and gained approval in 1986. This is one of California’s largest AVAs; the space spans over 200,000 hectares with 42,000 of those under vine, and it contributes 20% of California’s total production.\nThe area is planted with over 120 different varieties and is home to several very old vineyards, planted to Zinfandel, Carignan and others, going back over 100 years in many cases. This inland region is dominated by sand and clay-based soils and enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterised by warm, dry summers and cool, wet winters, with a lower diurnal range than some of its neighbouring AVAs. Its seven official sub-regions are Alta Mesa, Borden Ranch, Mokelumne River, Cosumnes River, Jahant, Sloughhouse, and Clements Hill.